The rapid advance of the Japanese southward
from Lingayen Gulf led the USAFFE commander to abandon Manila and to
declare it an open city. He departed on 24 December, and on the
following day located an administrative USAFFE Headquarters in
Malinta Tunnel on Corregidor.
However, some Marines were still destined to perform
guard duty for the U.S. Army. On 5 January 1942, MacArthur
established a forward tactical USAFFE echelon on Bataan, under the
command of Brigadier General Richard J. Marshall. It was sited at KM
(Kilometer) 187.5, northwest of Mariveles, near a quarry at the
junction of West Road and Rock Road. On the following day newly
promoted Marine First Lieutenant William F. Hogaboom, commanding
antiaircraft Battery A, 3d Battalion, 4th Marines, from Cavite,
mounted out an interior guard there.
Lieutenant Hogaboom was relieved of this duty on 16
January, when his battery received new orders to join the Naval
Battalion at the Quarantine Station at Mariveles.For the next month
or so, Marine Batteries A and C were a part of this battalion
engaged in combat with a Japanese landing force which had come
ashore on Longoskawayan Point behind the American lines.