OF THE PHILIPPINE
COMMONWEALTH, 23 MARCH
Seated, left to right: George H. Dern, Secretary of War;
President Franklin D. Roosevelt, signing the Constitution of
the Philippine Commonwealth; Manuel L. Quezon, President, Philippine
Senate; standing, left to right: Brig. Gen. Creed F. Cox,
Chief, Bureau of Insular Affairs, War Department; Frank Murphy,
Governor General of the Philippine Islands; Cordell Hull, Secretary of
State; Key Pittman, Chairman, Foreign Relations Committee, U.S.
Senate; Pedro Guevara, Philippine Resident Commissioner; Miguel
Cuaderno, Vice President, Philippine National Bank, Manila, P.
I.; Manuel Roxas, Representative, Philippine Legislature, Delegate,
Constitutional Assembly; Francisco A. Delgado, Philippine