One bomb hit Btry Crockett around
3 May, piercing the double wall of the powder magazine. The powder did not
explode. The ammunition hoist and the generator were destroyed by shelling about
Col.. Arnold D., Executive Officer, 60th CA
1. With possibly one exception no AA guns were destroyed by enemy
2. I do not have detailed
information of destruction of AA guns by shell fire. One gun on the golf course
was destroyed by fragments from the Btry Geary explosion. AA guns were
constantly moved around and about 12 of the 24 guns remained at the time of the
surrender. As far as I know these guns were all demolished in accordance with
3.A bomb hit in front of
one gun of Btry Wheeler, damaging it. Ordnance later put it back into action. It
was never knocked out by shelling although it was very heavy in that vicinity.
Pfc, Btry E, 92nd CA (PS)
Our battery manned 75mm guns, first at Calvary Point then at Hooker
Point. These guns were destroyed about 30 April by shelling from Bataan. We had plenty of ammunition which was not destroyed at the
time of the surrender.
Col. Delbert, 59th CA
1. I was
commander of all Beach Defense artillery during the campaign. We had about 20 75
mm guns and a number of 37mm guns previously used as ex-caliber for 155mm guns.
None of these were damaged from bomb-ing and there was only limited damage from
artillery fire until 3 May. On that date heavy artillery concentrations started
to fall on the north shore of the tail of the island and later in James Ravine.
Practically all guns were put out of action. There were three 75mm guns mounted
on curved rails under concrete splinter proof covers mounted on top ofMalinta Hill. These guns were destroyed and the concrete cover of one was
knocked down. The top of Malinta Hill was picked out particularly as a target
and everything up there was damaged. By the time of the surrender about 80% of
all beach defense guns were destroyed by enemy artillery fire. The remainder
were damaged by demolitions.
2. Prior to the surrender every searchlight on the north side of Corregidor and the one in the east face of Malinta Hill were destroyed
by artillery. As soon as a searchlight went into action a heavy concentration
would be placed on it.
3. There was
practically no damage to wire communications by bombing. However the artillery
constantly cut cables and telephone lines and near the end communications were
very poor, although most of the stations could be reached.
4. Malinta Tunnel was not damaged to speak of by either bombs or shell
fire and remained intact throughout the campaign.
5. The officers club was badly damaged by bombs on 29 December. The
headquarters building and the officers quarters were considerably damaged at the
time we surrendered but not nearly so badly as they are now.
6. The three 3-inch seacoast guns on pedestal mounts set into tunnels in
Malinta Hill were not put in by us. However from the photographs, I am convinced
that they had been placed in tunnels we used for 18-inch beach defense lights.
1st Lt., Hq 91stCA
91st ( PS)-
1. I was regimental supply officer.
The hospital was hit on the first bombing on 20 December and caught fire.
3. The Middleside Water tank was hit on 31 December.
4. One gun of Battery Way was knocked out by the bombing on 20 December.
5. We were at Btry Hanna at the surrender. It had been knocked completely
out of action.
M/Sgt, Juan, R320249, Hq Btry, 91st CA (PS)-
1. During the entire siege I was in charge of the cable splicing crews at Corregidor. We were responsible for repairing all telephone cables
destroyed by the enemy and for maintaining necessary communication lines,
especially from the post switchboard to USAFFE. We repaired all power cables
leading to different batteries. It was necessary to work day and night to keep
these lines in repair. Communication was generally intact until the saturation
shelling on 4-5 April. The following lines were damaged during the siege:
2. Telephone cables from FC switchboard to Btry Geary.
3. Telephone cables from FC switchboard to Harbor Defense Command Post.
4. Telephone cables from TB-62 at Middleside to Btry Ramsey and the
Bottomside terminal boxes, especially TB-1 that served the island outpost.
5. All power and telephone cables in the duct between the two manholes in
front of the diesel power plant.
Telephone cables from the cold storage plant to TB-9 at Bottomside furnishing
most of the lines to USAFFE headquarters.
A 100 pair telephone cable leading from Malinta Tunnel. While repairing it in
late April one of my men was killed from artillery fire.
8. Telephone cables TB-62, to Btry Morrison and the MM-station were out
by enemy shell fire, also during late April and early May telephone cables to
Btry Hamilton and a 27 pair telephone cable from TB-9 to TB-3.
1st Sgt, Francisco, 6614023, Btry G, 92d CA (PS)-
1. Our battery mannedBtry
Monja, two 155mm guns on Panama mounts. From January to 6 May we fired approximately 2000
rounds of high explosives. About 500 rounds without fuses were left.
29 December a bomb hit one of our machine gun positions about 10 yards to the
right of Gun No. 1, destroying two .39 caliber machine guns, seven rifles and
all equipment and tools of the machine gun squad. In March another bomb hit the
battery office and kitchen, damaging office and food supplies. During March
several bombs fell in the vicinity of the battery and hit the small hill between
the two guns. No. 2 gun buried and it took seven days before we had that gun in
action. The panoramic sights and lighting equipment were damaged.
2. In April during counter battery engagement with enemy artillery, a
Japanese shell hit searchlight No. 4, about 30 yards from our battery and put
this light permanently out of commission.
About 1130, 6 May we received orders to destroy our equipment before . We loaded both guns and placed one round in each muzzle,
firing them with a long lanyard. The barrels of both guns split in two. We
destroyed our rifles. We threw remaining powder and shells over the cliff.
4. We had sufficient food and water during the battle. Our communications
were cut during heavy shelling around 4 May,
Col., Napoleon, 91st CA(PS).
1. On December 6, I
was in command at FortWint. The fort was bombed lightly for the
five days ending 15 December. No damage was done? On 25 December all troops
abandoned the fort. The breech blocks of all the guns were dropped into ocean
but no other demolitions were carried out. At that time all wooden houses on the
fort were still in good condition. I understand the Japanese shelled the fort
about 30 December. Damage unknown.
I was placed in command of FortFrank. The island was subjectedto almost continuous shelling shell fire from Cavite for some time in January. Except when on
required duty all personnel lived in the two tunnels leading to the 14-inch
guns. During March one shell was dropped through the roof of the Crofton Tunnel,
killing 34 men and wounding many others. The hole in the roof was soon repaired.
The earth cover was only three feet thick at this point.
3. No damage was done to FortFrank by bombing.4. There were no direct hits on the guns of Greer and Crofton but many
shells bursts within the emplacements. These two guns were in operation to the
last. There was no time to permit firing those batteries with empty recoil
cylinders before 1200 6 May so that the breech blocks were removed and together
with tools and loose spare parts thrown into the sea, Men broke off all parts
possible with sledge hammers and battered the pistons in. About half the powder
5. A number of shells
from Cavite hit in the pits of Btry Koohler but the
eight mortars were all in operation at the surrender. Prior to of this day all guns were rendered
inoperative. The firing mechanisms and parts of the breech block that could be
removed were thrown over the cliff into the ocean. The pistons were hammered
with a sledge hammer and all other possible parts broken off with the hammer.
About half the powder was burned.
6. Btry Frank North, four 155mm guns on Panama mounts, manned by Btry C, 92nd
CA (PS) and by Batry B, 92nf CA (PS) was often shelled. Two of them were
destroyed prior to the surrender. At the surrender the two remaining guns were
fired with empty recoil cylinders. The firing mechanisms, breech block, fuses,
tools and spare parts were thrown into the sea. All powder charges were burned.
7. Btry A, 91st CA (PS), manned a 3-inch AA battery at FortFrank. Two of the four guns were destroyed by
artillery fire prior to the surrender. At the surrender the remaining two guns
were fired with empty recoil cylinders. The breech blocks, tools, spare parts,
and all ammunition were thrown into the sea.
6 May I had received a message which
read in part as follows: “Destroy equipment, raise white flag at and notify Forts Drum and Hughes.” The
decoded message was telephoned in full to Lt. Col. Kirkpatrick of FortDrum. Repeated efforts to reach FortHughes failed. In addition to In addition to
the demolitions describe above, the 3-inch mortars and the 75mm field guns were
partially stripped and pushed over the cliff into the sea. All small arms and
small arms ammunition , tools, and loose spare parts, telephones, observing
instruments, telephone switchboards, field glasses and similar items were thrown
into the sea, being first smashed when practical. The 60-inch seacoast and AA
searchlights and smaller beach defense searchlights were smashed when practical,
The 60-inch seacoast and AA searchlights and smaller beach defense searchlights
were smashed. Replacement, books, maps, correspondence, typewriters, etc., were
destroyed. The cable ways and dock crane were destroyed. All power plants,
except one 25 KW set which was kept running for out own benefit, were smashed.
All water reservoirs had previously been destroyed by shell fire except three
10,000 gallon tanks which were at each end of the three major batteries. These
were kept intact for our benefit.
During the trip from Corregidor to Manila 123-24 May 1942 I talked to Lt. Col.
Kirkpatrick, commander of Fort Drum. He said he emptied all recoil cylinders of
all guns, placed sandbags in the muzzles and fired them with full charges. The
muzzle of one of the 14-inch guns was split and another 14-inch jumped from its
carriage with the breech resting against the rear of the turret. He flooded the
powder magazines with salt water and threw everything the men could handle into
the sea except rations and medical supplies.
10. Btry Hoyle at FortFrank originally had two 3-inch guns. Sometime
before the war started, one gun was removed and sent to Corregidor. Since the remaining gun was at the
north end of Fort Frank and covered the same field of fire as Btry Frank North,
during February it was removed and shipped to Fort Drum where it was emplaced on
the east end of the upper deck.
During late April and until the surrender, FortDrum was almost continually shelled from Cavite, hundreds of shells hitting it on some
days. Everything on the upper deck except the turrets were swept off, the AA
guns, cage, mast, searchlight, etc.
I visited FortDrum on 23 May 1942. One gun of Btry Roberts has jumped from
its trunnions and its breach was against the rear wall. One of the 14-inch guns
had its barrel jacket split and some of its wire wrapping was on the deck. I was
not able to see all the guns, but the place appeared to me to be a total wreck.
Col., Louis J. , Harbor Defense
words on the
Col. Wm. C., Harbor Defense S-3
Braly has collected all available data on operations during the campaign, only a
part of this data was available for use of the board. He visited many places on
Corregidor after the surrender as a guide for
Pfc Avalino, Btry F. 92d CA (PS)-
1. I served at Btry Frank North, for 155mm guns. We fired many days and
nights at targets on Cavite. About 15 April three of our guns were
hit directly by artillery shells and damaged beyond repair. We kept firing the
other gun until it was hit later. We threw the small amount of 155mmammunition left into the ocean. The battery was never hit by bombs.
2. The battery then manned pit B of Btry
Koehler. It remained in good
condition until we surrendered.
At the time of surrender we threw the breechblocks of our mortars into the sea.
We cut all the communications lines, smashed the telephones, destroyed the
plotting roomby smashing it and
threw all loose equipment over the cliff. We tried to throw the 12-inch mortar
ammunition into the ocean but the Japanese came before we could dump it all. The
battery power plant was in good shape.
Pfc Buenaventure, Btry C, 92d CA (PS) -
1. Our batterymanned Btry
North at Kindley Field, a two-gun 155mm battery, About 231 April an enemy shell
knocked out one gun. We move the other gun to Ordnance where it was fired until
it was knocked out by enemy bombs about 3 May. We destroyed the breech block.
2. Our battery emplaced another 155mm gun near the Middleside Service
Club late in the battle. I do not know what happened to it. We had plenty of
3. An 8-inch gun on a
barbette carriage was emplaced near Btry North but it fired only about five
rounds before it was hit by enemy bombs sometime in March.
2d Lt., Btry C, 91st CA (PS)-
1. I was first at FortWint. It was bombed once without damage. All
the troops left FortWint sometimes after 7 December. Everything
was destroyed . The mechanisms of the 6-inch guns were destroyed.
2. Our battery manned AA guns on Bataan until it fell.
3. The battery then manned Btry Morrison. About 12April we fired 24 rounds. The enemy returned fire and hit both guns. There
was no time to repair them. The plotting room, powder magazine, etc. were
destroyed by the shelling. Btry DPF was hit directly.
4. Our battery also manned Btry Grubbs. On our first action about 15
April we fired nine rounds. Enemy returned artillery fire but did no damage.
Soon therefore No. 2 gun was hit and permanently put out of action. We continued
firing No. 1 gun for a few days until it was knocked out by enemy artillery
fire. One shell came through the window and into the observing station
demolishing the DPF. The battery emplacement was badly damaged.
5. After that the battery manned two 155mm guns behind the Commanding
General’s quarters on Topside. One facing east and one facing north. We fired
about 110 rounds. The guns were not damaged prior to the surrender. We removed
the recoil oil and destroyed the guns. We had about 150 rounds of ammunition
left, but it was not destroyed.
Capt., Thomas W. Commanding Btry H, 59th CA
1. I commanded Btry Geary. Pit A on the right had model 1895 mortars and
pit B had Model 1908. It fired 401 rounds, mostly at Bataan. About 3200 rounds were left in the
battery on surrender.
2. On 15 April
a heavy 240mm artillery concentration was placed on the battery. A shell hit the
ammunition storage which blew up demolishing pit B. The retaining wall collapsed
and the emplacement was wrecked. The enemy continued to shell us, often using
aerial observation, and from that time until 2 May we were under constant fire.
The power plant was wrecked on 29 April. On 2 May the rest of our battery was
destroyed, except for one gun in Pit A. After Btry Geary was destroyedI was on duty at theC-1
station and received nightly damage reports from all batteries.
3. Btry Hearn received one bomb hit 7 January placing it out of action
for about four hours. It was not fired until the night Bataan fell when they fired about 30 rounds by
field artillery method using map data. At the surrender the recoil cylinders
were drained and the gun was fired. Power plants, plotting room equipment and
all fire control instruments were destroyed.
4. The remarks on Btry Hearn apply equally to Btry Smith as both action
and damage sustained were almost identical.
5. No.1 gun at Btry Crockett was subjected to both bombing and shelling.
It was finally knocked out on 24 April. Considerable damage was done to guns and
emplacement, and the plotting room, ammunition hoists room, and one gun were
completely destroyed. No. 2 gun was serviceable but never used due to very
limited field of fire presenting no targets. Recoil cylinders were drained and
gun was tripped on surrender but did not leave the elevating arms as expected.
6. Btry Chaney was serviceable to the end. There was considerable damage
to the surrounding areas by shelling but no permanent damage to the battery. At
our surrender the guns were drained and tripped. All instruments and equipment
7. One gun of Btry
Wheeler was put out of action by a hit on the base ring. There was considerable
artillery shelling in the immediate vicinity but no permanent damage was done.
All equipment except one gun was serviceable up to the time of surrender when
the remaining gun was drained and tripped and all equipment destroyed.
8. Btry James was almost completely destroyed by artillery fire about 18
April. Only one of the four guns remained at the time of surrender.
9. Btry Way had only one gun left at the time of surrender. This battery
fired all night of 5-6 May at the Japanese landing at the tail of the island.
10. One 8-inchModel 1908
railroad gun was emplaced in concrete just east of Malinta Hill. It was in a
very expose position and fired only a few of the 300 rounds of ammunition on
hand before it was destroyed. All shells fired were found to be duds.
11. Btry Hanna was destroyed by enemy artillery fire.
12. At the time of the surrender the James Ravine mine casement was
undamaged, but I understand that all equipment was destroyed by our personnel.
The structure remained intact.
13. The diesel power plant was never hit during
14. The cold storage
plant received considerable damage before the surrender.
15. Btry Roberts at FortDrum was knocked out by a 240mm shelling from
The Harbor Defense Command Post was located in the bomb proof switchboard dugout
near Topside on 8 December but was moved to Malinta Tunnel immediately
17. I was told that only
six 155mm guns were left serviceable on Corregidor at the time of surrender.
18. Dynamite stored in one end of Topside barracks was hit by bombs,
destroying a whole section of the barracks.
19. The hospital was heavily bombed early in the war and was evacuated.
Only walls remained.
20. Btrys Leach
and Fuger at FortHughes were shelled badly from Cavite and finally destroyed.
21. Btry Woodruff
at FortHughes had been condemned as unsafe prior to
the war but was placed in action and did considerable firing.
Col., Octave, Cmd., 92d CA (PS).
Capt., William B., Dental Corps -
1. I served as medical officer at Btry Way during the time it was manned . It had
previously been put out of action by bombing on 29 December but was put back in
action by Ordnance. Btry E., 60th CA, commanded by Major Massello
that had been on AA duty on Bataan manned Btry Way about 29 April. The battery
fired about 15 rounds a day drawing heavy counter fire each time. During the
night of 5-6 May heavy enemy artillery fire started about 2200 and by 0300 three
out of the four guns had been knocked out by direct hits with 30% personnel
casualties. One mortar protected by its position kept firing until 1100, firing
over 100 rounds. The breech block finally froze up from overheating. By 1100
there were 55% personnel casualties. Considerable damage had been done to the
emplacement during the night. Some ammunition standing in the ready dumps was
blown up during the shelling.
First Sergeant demolished the last mortar before the surrender. All plotting
room equipmentnot ruined by
shelling was demolished. Most of the 12-inch mortar ammunition had been fired
bur I do not know how much remained. S considerable quantity of 6-inch AA
ammunition remained stored in the galleries.
Pfc, Pastor. Hq 91st CA (PS).-
1. I was a radio operator on a SCR-136 at Topside working all the
outposts. We were on the air at all times. Our station was hit and we moved to
the Topside barracks. Out station there was hit and our apparatus destroyed.
2. So I was sent to FortFranks where I operated the SCR-136 in a bomb
proofposition. In February intense
shelling started from Cavite and continued for two weeks. It was hit
directly by a shell but there was no damage.
3. At that time we could talk to FortDrum, Hughes, and Mills on the telephone.
During April the submarine cable between FortHughes and Corregidor was out.
4. Btry Greer was hit and not repaired.
5. Btry Croftonwas hit on
the base ring but it was repaired.
We received the message of surrender at 0930 , 6 May.At 1130 we received instructions to destroy all equipment at 1200.
Lt. Col., Carl E., 91st CA (PS)-
1.On 8 December I was in the office of G-2, Philippine Department. Upon
evacuation to FortMills I was appointed mine directorprincipally because of my detailed knowledge of the new mine system.
2. The mine casemate in James Ravine was hit by one bomb early in
January. Several cables were cut but these were repaired within an hour.
3. Two minefields had
already been planted, one called Monja Field, consisting of three lines of nine
groups each, a total of 500 mines. There was a smaller field in the North Channel. There was only one real mine action
which from the nature of the operation causes us to claim that four submarines
4. During the night of5-6 May the very heavy shellingcut
all our cables in James Ravine as well as an overhead cable lading to another
group. All control of the North Channelfield was thereby lost and these mines
were never fired.We were trying to
repair cables at the time of the surrender. We were able to fire most of the
mines in the Monjafield during that
Col., Valetine F., 59th CA-
1. Early in the campaign I was on duty in the C-1 station. Later I took
command of FortHughes. The fort was not bombed but there was
considerable shelling. All weapons were in operation at the surrender.Q. Telephone communications with FortMills was intermittent through April but was
lost on 5 May but we could reach them sometimes by radio. Around 1000, 6 May one
of our observers saw a white flag flying at Corregidor. I secured the Harbor Defense letter of
10 April which gave instructions for the demolition of equipment but stated that
this would be carried out only on specific orders from the Harbor Defense
Commander. Unable to reach FortMills by telephone or radio directly about
1030 I requested instructions as to the surrender and carrying out demolitions
by radio to a Navy station. Where it had to be relayed once to reach Malinta
Tunnel. I receive no reply until about 1400 when a message was received
confirming the surrender and directing me to take no action in regard to
demolitions. No demolitions were carried out.
Capt., Medical Corps-
had been no action at FortFrank when I reached there 13 January. About a
month later the enemy started shelling us with light artillery from Cavite shore. Not much damage was caused, The
Japanese continued to fire intermittently, starting to use heavy shells about a
week later. A ration boat at the wharf was hit but we all managed to escape
without injury. The boat burned for two days and drifted out to sea.
2. Btry Koehler did quite a good deal of firing. Our first casualties
were caused by one of our own 12-inch mortar shells exploding over the pit.
During heavy shelling everyone remained within one of the two large tunnels. One
240mm shell penetrated at the south tunnel and exploded near a squad room,
killing about 35 and wounding an equal number.
4. Btry Frank North fired about 1000 rounds of 155mm ammunition. About 15
February the battery was hit with eight or ten casualties. After the heavy
shelling about 20 February two of these guns were put out of commission, one
permanently and one for about two weeks.
Btry Greer had been put out of action before we arrived there on 13 January.
6. Btry Koehler was still in commission at the time of the surrender.
Several guns had gone out but they were repairedand seven of the eight were still useable at that time.
7. At the surrender the docks were still intact and useable. A barge had
sunk near the wharf but ration boats could still dock.
8. Ourtroops were not too
successful with demolitions. The Japanese did not come on the island until 24
hours after we surrendered. We dumped a lot of equipment over the side but plans
for destroying the larger equipment did not work out as intended. We destroyed
all but one power plant which was retained for emergency use. All the
switchboards were destroyed. Both of the tunnels were in good condition when we
Capt., John McM,
1. After AA service at FortWint and Bataan, my battery evacuated to Corregidor, and part of it manned Btry Morrisonon 9 April. Up to 12 April it had suffered no bomb damage. On 12 April
the Btry was heavily shelled from Bataan,damaging
them to such an extent that the Ordnance machinist stated that they could never
be fired again. The power plants and plotting room were undamaged. The
ammunition gallery back of No.1 gun was destroyed by fire. The observing and
battery commander stations behind the battery were destroyed. The powder and
shell rooms were full at the time of departure. Battery was abandoned 12 April and never manned
2. Another part on my battery
manned Btry Grubbs on 9 April. The emplacement was damaged by two bombs about 11
April. The power plant and the No. 1 tool room were damaged and the ammunition
I-beams bent. The battery was shelled daily from 12-16 April from Bataan. On 16 April No. 2 gun was knocked out
of action by a direct hit on a recoil cylinder. By this time No. 1 gun was out
of action due to a mechanical defect. Battery commander station at the rear of the
battery was destroyed by shelling. The emplacement was merely scarred up. We
abandoned the battery on 16 April.
Later my battery organized Btry Gulick, two 155mm guns. In position near the
Ordnance instrument shop. Battery was never damaged by bombs. One gun,
previously reconditioned, blew up when the first round was fired. The other gun
went into action on 20 April and continued to fire until the surrender. This gun
was destroyed by draining the recoil cylinders of oil and firing.
4. Commanding General’s quarters, which was being used as an
observation post for Btry Gulick was destroyed by shell fire.
Lt. Col., Signal Corps, -
1. The Harbor
Defense Post was in Manila Tunnel but the communication from there was in
the H-station, the old Harbor Defense Command Post at the west end of
Topside barracks. It never received any direct hit. The post and fire control
switchboards were located there and were burned completely when the orders were
received to demolish all equipment.
2. Our communication was adequate
until the night of 5-6 May when the communication cables between the ends of the
island were knocked out. Most of the cables were buried from one to three feet
underground in ducts. Toward the last it was necessary to lay 25 pair of Army
cable and lead cable directly on the ground.
3. There were 10 pair cable from Mariveles to Corregidor. There was one 50 pair cable directly from Corregidor to FortDrum and a second one by way of FortHughes.
4. There were BD 74's and SCR-177's on the post side but
all were still cratered except one SCR-177 that never got on the air. Whenever
antennae were installed Japanese shell fire knocked them down.
communications were not used extensively. In fact they were discouraged since
some thought the enemy was using radio direction finder to lay their guns.
SCR-136's were used extensively plus some Navy equipment. We tried to alert
all radio stations the night preceding the surrender but could not get all of
them although we tried for several hours.
6. Prior to the war there about
85 base end stations. Some of them in concrete shelters.
7. On 6 May no
undamaged buildings remained on Corregidor except the church at Bottomside and several other small
8. Topside was lighted by a 19KV-110V Palmer generator driven by a36 H.P. Diesel. Its largest load was 5-6KVA. It ran for 45 days without stopping.
This power plant was installed for use of radios but it was used for everything
at Topside since the power cable to the post power plant at Bottomside was shot
9. At the time of the surrender there was no water in the tanks under
the tennis courts at Bottomside and Topside sufficient to last for some time
Pfc, Amos 6438567, Btry I, 59th CA
1. I served with a 3-inch AA battery at FortHughes facing Cavite, the battery arriving on 6 December.
When the Japanese landed we could only fire two of our guns. I think they were
knocked out. The last morning we fired all the ammunition we had.
2.Btry Leach was only able
to fire about eight rounds.3
.Btry Fuger fired at a lot of boats to the east and once fired at some
planes when we were being hit too hard. I have heard that the Japanese took
these guns out and leveled the ground with bull dozers.
4. One shell went through the platform of Btry Gillespie into the powder
magazine but the powder did not explode. This battery was not fired at all since
it was pointed in the wrong direction.
At the end there was a few holes in the wharf and tracks had been broken. There
were two 155mm guns set up on top of the island but they did not do much firing.
1. The walls of
the commissary sales building were cracked by nearby bomb hits to the rear which
blew out all windows but did seriously damage it.
2. Late in April the cold storage plant was hit by a 240mm shell which
broke ammonia pipe and put the refrigeration out of action.
3. The QM repair shops at Middle-side and the bakery at Bottomside were
completely destroyed during the 29 December bombing.
Col., Joseph P., Cmdg, 91st
CA (PS) and group 4, -
1. I commanded Group 4, including all 3-inch, 6-inch,
and 155mm guns on the north and west of Corregidor, and the Mine Command.
2. My CP was first at the G-4 station on Way Hill, but that was destroyed
by a bomb about 2 Jan. It was then moved down the island near CapeCorregidor. This was never hit.
3. Btry Stockade,two 155mmguns fired from spades, was manned by A-91, a mine battery. One gun
destroyed by shell fire in April. Other gun reported demolished by crew on
4. Btry Rock Point. Two
155mm guns on Panama mount, was manned by 1st
Plat., B-91. Upon surrender I saw those two guns demolished by firing with fused
projectiles in muzzles.
Hanna was manned by 2d Plat., B-91. It was knocked out by artillery fire.
6. Btry James, four 3-inch guns, was manned by Btry B , 1st
Phil. Army, which was attached to B-1. Knocked out 20 April with about 30
7. C-91, Cmdg by Capt
John McM, had a very fine combat record. It first manned a 3-inch AA gun battery
at FortWint. It evacuated to Bataan, fought there, and withdrew with a
little equipment two days before Bataan fell. At Corregidor the battery manned both Morrison and
Grubbs. Both were destroyed soon afterwards. The battery then manned Btry Gulick
until the surrender.
8. Btry Sunset,
four 155mm guns on Panama mounts, was located on the exposed ridge below Btry
Smith and manned by D-91 to which was attached Btry A, 1st Phil.
Army. The first day the enemy shelled from Bataan, a shell hit and destroyed the plotting
room. One gun was later destroyed by shell fire. The battery commander reported
remainder destroyed on surrender.
Btry Wright, two155mm roving guns,
were manned by part of D-91 under Lt. John M. Wright. In all, this battery had
four guns, two being destroyed by artillery fire
10. E-91 manned a 3-inch AA
battery at FortFrank on top of Greer tunnel. No damage to
this battery was ever reported to me.
F-91 manned by Btry Koehler, Fort Frank. A muzzle burst early killed one officer
and seven men. This battery fired 28 engagements at Cavite land targets. All mortars were in firing
condition at the surrender.1
manned Btry Crofton when it was fired on Bataan.
13. G-91 wasa mine batteryand also
manned Btry Morrison until C-91 took over. Later the battery manned 75mm beach
defense gunson south shore.
14. Btry Keyser, also
called North, two 155mmm guns on Panama mounts, was manned by C-92.
15. Btry Hamilton on Geary Pt., four 155mm guns, was manned by the 92nd
CA (PS). Demolished by crews on surrender.
Btry Monja had two 155mm guns on Panama mounts, one inside a tunnel and one
outside. Thoroughly destroyed at surrender.
17. Btry Ordnance Point, four 155mm
guns firing from trails, was commanded by Capt Kappas, 92nd CA (PS).
18. (Information of submarine mine system has been incorporated directly
into par. 32 of basic report.)
Co. Paul D. Bunker served as Seaward Defense Commander and as commander of Group
1. The G-1 Station was on a lower level at the C-1 Station. Neither was ever
20. The Seaward Defense
Commander’s Report of Damage (AppF) was by prepared by Colonel Bunker in Formosa before his death.
21. Both guns of Btry Morrison were knocked out by artillery fire early
in April, the recoil cylinders of in each being badly damaged. At the surrender
the breech blocks were removed and lighter parts of the carriage broken with
22. At 0002, 17
December, the SS Corregidor missed the gate in the Monja minefield and was sunk
by our mines with the loss of about 500.
At about 1000, 6 May, I received orders by telephone from HD Hqs to demolish all
equipment by 1200 in accordance with letter of 10 April.I telephoned this order to every battery under my command, telling them
to start at once. All reported full demolitions. My demolition plan called for
each gun to be fired with a fuse shell in the muzzle and all instruments and
equipment to be broken up. No attempt was made to destroy ammunition. I also
sent necessary orders for destroying mines and mine equipment.(See par. 32 of basic report.)
in April an enemy shell exploded 40 tons of TNT (used in mines) stored in the
west end of Topside Barracks, demolishing it completely. Twenty tons of TNT in
the next bay were undamaged.
Sgt. Juan, Hq Btry 91st CA (PS)-
1. I was cable chief for the Artillery Engineers. I had two gangs of six
men each splicing cables. Cables were out constantly. Much of the cable was in
trenches buried about 36 inches.The shelling just prior to the surrender cut
many duct lines, especially on Middleside and Topside. We connected Topside with
Malinta Tunnel with 100 pair submarine cable about 1 February. Cables in the
area surrounding hut No. 5 were often cut by shells.
2. Two operators burned the switchboards and all fire control equipment
was destroyed at the time of the surrender.3. The cable to FortHugheswas in good shape until March.
Stephen M. Harbor Defense Command Assistant S-4
All references are to his article, “How the Japs took Corregidor,”
Coast Artillery Journal, March-April 1945, attached as Appendix E.
Capt., George M.. Hq, 59th CA-
1 . The guns of Btry Crockett were shot out from Bataan, the intense shelling wrecking the
emplacements, hoists, etc.
gun of Btry Wheeler was bombed out but put back into action. At the time of the
surrender No. 1 gun was fired so that it jumped out of its carriage.
3. Btry Hearn got a direct hit and was put out of action for 24 hours. It
fired all night before the surrender. The gun was demolished by draining the
recoil cylinders and firing one round.
Btry Smith was demolished in the same manner as Btry Hearn.
Pfc., Alberto, Btry Gm 91st CA (PS) –
1. I served in the mine
observing station near Btry Hanna’s two 3-inch guns. The station was hit by
both bombs and shells and badly damaged. At the surrender we destroyed our
rifles the radio, the plotting board, all observing instruments, and the range
2. Btry Hanna was not hit by
bombs but was hit with shells from Bataan.
In April enemy shells hit the ammunition at Btry Sunset and blew up one gun
which was not repaired.
4. After the
surrender I stayed in Corregidor with 500 others and worked at many
5. The guns at Btry Monja
had been destroyed and everything was damaged. We were sent down the cliffs to
pick up ammunition and the guns that had been thrown over.
6. At Btry Way many shells had hit the emplacement and
knocked our all four mortars.
Btry James the left gun was hit by the enemy. The others had been destroyed by
our troops. Some of the gun pits were blown up. The ammunition room was not
8. The base ring at Btry
Smith was broken by demolition. The emplacement was in bad shape but the tunnel
was open. All plotting room equipment and the telephones were destroyed. There
was only .50 caliber ammunition in this vicinity. They made us pile up the
ammunition and sort out the good from the damaged.Brass cartridge cases of rounds we said were no good were collected for
shipment to Japan. Projectiles were thrown into the sea.
Powder taken from cartridge cases was burned or thrown into the sea.
1st Lt., Lester L., Btry G, 60th CA (AA) and 1st Lt .
Theodore R. Esatow, Btry K, 60th CA (AA) –
1. These two
officers were interviewed together and their testimony had been incorporated
directly into the AA paragraph of the basic report.
2. I was kept on Corregidor for about six weeks after the surrender
workings as a member of the clean up and salvage detail. After the surrender the
Japanese made us collect all 3-inch AA, 75mm and 155mm guns, as well as other
moveable equipment, for scrap. Most guns and equipment were completely
demolished and very difficult to move.Except
in one battery, the name of which I do not recall where the barrels were intact,
the 155’s had been particularly destroyed. With this exception all guns we
collected were junk. Small arms, fire control equipment, both AA and seacoast,
were all badly wrecked. I helped collect and load some of this on a ship. The
searchlights were completely demolished and were hauled away with the rest. The
Japanese collected all the food we could find. They had us store much ammunition
Pfc., Btry F. 92d CA (PS)-
served at Btry Frank North. Three of our 4 155mm guns were hit by shell fire
from Cavite. Only one gun could be repaired, which left us with two firing guns.
No. 1 gun was hit by bombs without damage. When we surrendered we had two guns
2. At the time of the
surrender we destroyed all instruments and telephones, cut the telephone lines,
three away all the powder, and threw the breech blocks into the sea. About 500
shells were left.
3. During the last
week in April the base plate of the 14-inch batteries were hit by a bomb. It was
not badly damaged and was repaired and put into action again.
Lt., Regiment unknown -
more than a year after the surrender I remained in the Harbor Defense assisting
in repairing and maintaining armament. All guns were cleaned and lubricated. I
spent most of my time at the outposts. Information given below refers to
condition of batteries during this period.
One emplacement of Btry Craighill was badly chewed up by fragments. One mortar
would fire but would nottraverse.
All others were in operation.
Fuger, Leach and Woodruff were all in good operating condition.
4. The traversing mechanism of Btry Gillespie was
badly damaged by
artillery fire. The right gun of Btry Wilson had been fired with the recoil
cylinders empty and the tube jumped out of its trunion.
5. The lower casemate of Btry Roberts was badly damaged from being fired
with the recoil rod disconnected. It was put back into action by Capt Coughlin.
The other was undamaged. One 3-inch gun, mounted on the deck of Fort Drum was
dismantled by order of the Japanese and taken away by them.
6. There were only a few inches of water in the 14-inch casemate powder
magazine at Fort Drum. We heard that they had been flooded but they were not.
About 30 of the 840 powder charges were damaged by water. However the American
prisoners told the Japanese that all were damaged and were told to throw them
into the ocean, which they did.
After the surrender the guns in in Btry Cheney were in fair condition but the
emplacement was burnt out. Gun No, 1 was put back into action by the Japanese.
8. No.1 gun of Btry Wheeler was blown clear of off its carriage. The
other was in relatively good condition and was put back into action.
9. I don’t know which power plant was operating at Corregidor but there
were lights all the time I was there.
The Japanese made us collect all the ammunition and store it neatly in various
places. Much of it was left in the batteries. All the ammunition that was
removed from the laterals in Malinta Hill during the fighting there was put back
there. We convinced the Japanese that a lot of the ammunition was bad and they
made us empty the powder from the cartridge cases. The powder and projectiles
were disposed of and the cartridge cases shipped back out as scrap. The smaller
pieces of broken up guns such as at Btry Geary were hauled away as scrap. We
didn’t have any heavy equipment so we couldn’t haul away some of the larger
pieces the guns and carriages that they wanted.
11. Btry Crockett had been shelled pretty heavily and the ammunition hoist
and one side of the emplacement had been badly damaged along with gun No.1.Gun No. 2 was put back into action by the Japanese.
12. Btry Ramsey was in good condition. Some small artillery damage had
been done to the emplacement but nothing serious to any of the guns.
Hearn was put back in action by using a spare tube lying outside the pit and
parts taken from Btry Smith.
Pfc, Eleutine, Hq Btry, 92dnd CA (PS)
1. About the middle of January
1942, Btry North was bombed and two 155mm guns were knocked out permanently. The
ammunition blew up killing about 13 men.
Late in March the Kindley Field barracks and regimental Supply Room were bombed
and damaged. About 500 boxes of small arms ammunitionand 300 rounds each of 75mm and 155mm ammunition were destroyed.
3. The same day the 92d CA garage (old airplane hanger) was
bombed, damaging about 20 trucks.
Regimental headquarters moved from Kindley Field to Middleside barracks on 8
December because of the bombing which hit Btry Wilson, the AA battery at Kindley
Field and Btry Keyes.
5. Btry Wilson
was knocked out on 8 December killing 5 men.
6. Btry Keyes was not seriously damaged on 8 December, and stayed in
7. Btry Morrison was
slightly damaged during March but the guns were put back into action.
8. Btry Ramsey was knocked out permanently by bombing but I do not remember
the date. The ammunition blew up and there was a large fire lasting three or
9. Two 75mm guns manned
by our regiment on top of Malinta Hill were permanently knocked out by bombing
10. Ammunition warehouses
Nos. 22-M and 23-M at Middleside blew up due to bombing one afternoon sometime
11. Searchlight No. 8 on
Malinta Hill was permanently knocked out by artillery fire from Bataanone
night late in April. The Searchlight was searching the water with its beam at
Col., Dorsey J. CAC -
1. I was on duty with the Department Engineerswhen the war started, remained there until I went to the hospital with
pneumonia on 20 February.I returned
to duty on 9 April and until the surrender commanded a provisional seacoast
2. At the surrender the
guns at Wheeler had been little damaged from any cause. A bomb had wrecked the
battery power plant.
3. A bomb hit
the racer of Smith, but it was repaired and put back in operation. The battery
commander told me that at the surrender he plugged the muzzle with a projectile
and fired a shot from it. This blew off part of the muzzle.
4. Hearn was not damaged
by the Japanese but was demolished by the battery,
5. During the night of 5-6 May Btry Way fired 183 rounds from the only
mortar remaining in its section.
Lt. Col. Kirkpatrick told me at the surrender he drained the oil from the recoil
cylinders of the 14-inch guns at Fort Drum, placed sand bags in the muzzles and
fired them. My recollection is that he said all the guns jumped out of their
carriages. He considered the batteries beyond repair.
7. Neither the C-1 station (CP of the Seaward Defense) or the Harbor
Defense Command Post near the east end of Topside Barracks were over hit by
bombs or shells. When I saw it in Sept 1945 it looked much as it did in May
8. The BC station of Btry
Hamilton had a direct hit in January and was completely destroyed.
9. Btry Lehr, one 155mm gun; Btry Fulmer, two 155mm guns manned by the 59th
CA; and Btry Dawes, one 155mm gun, were roving batteries used late in the
campaign. Each was named after its commander.
10. Minor damage only was caused to the roads by bombing and traffic was
never stopped. The shelling left some craters but in all the damage was slight
and soon repaired.
11. When we were
shipped away on 24 May the Japanese were shipping a lot of scrap iron. I saw
some cal. .50 MG mounts and barrels in the scrap. Much QM and other supplies
were on the wharves ready to be shipped away.
Capt. George, 92nd CA (PS) -
1. I was a member of the cleanup detail from June 7, 1942 until June 8,
1943. There was a total of 73 from Cabanatuan, less about 12 who went back due to
sickness. I was at at Corregidor most of the time, but also saw Frank and
Hughes. Except as otherwise noted the facts given below were as observed while a
prisoner at Corregidor.
Crockett. No. 1 gun put out of action by artillery fire 24 April. No.2 gun minor
damage from fragments. No evidence of demolition except by a piece of chain belt
found in the recoil cylinder which was put in by one of the cleanup derail. No.
2 gun was completely taken down by us and reassembled and paintedlate in 1942 and was put in good order.
3. Btry Wheeler. No. 1 gun was damaged by bomb down the well and was
difficult to traverse. No. 2 gun was completely demolished at surrender, the
finest demolition I ever saw. The gun was blown out of the carriage across the
emplacement. In June 1943 a number of civilians from the Pacific Naval Air Base
were completely dismantling gun No. 1, to place it on gun No. 2 mount. I don’t
know if the gun was ever put completely in action.
4. Btry Smith. At the time of surrender the wall was filled with powder
and burned. Also had been drained and fired. Parts were taken from Smith to put
Hearn in action. I did not work on the gun.
5. Btry Hearn. Had been drained and fired. The recoil piston rods were
bent.. We replaced tube with spare one from behind the position and used parts
from Btry Smith. We took out and straightened the platform rods using a
hydraulic jack and gun was put back into action. Emplacement was in good
condition at time, with tunnels intact.
Btry Morrison. Had been knocked out by artillery. No. 1 gun was blocked up to
get rollers for No. 1 gun at Ramsey. Morrison was not put back in action.
7. Btry Ramsey. No. 1 had been damaged by shrapnel. Rollers were replaced
on right side with some taken from No. 1 at Morrison. No. 2 and No.3 were just
painted. Battery was then in action.
Btry Cheney. No. 1 gun had been damaged by shell fire beyond repair.No. 2 had been slightly damaged by shrapnel. Pieces cut from No.1
carriage with acetylene torches and No. 2 was put back in action.
9. Btry Grubbs. Some work was done on No. 1 gun- don’t know details. I
don’t think it was put back in action.
10. Btry James. Three guns had been
completely wrecked by artillery. Other gun had
been drained and fired. We fixed this gun by replacing the elevating screw.
11. Btry Way, Three guns had been shot out by direct hits. Other gun with
frozen breech block was fixed up.
12. Btry Hannah. New tube was put in gun and
at least one gun was fixed up.
Btry Cushing. No damage during war. At the time of surrender guns had been
drained and fired, wrecking the elevating screws. Jammed some parts. Guns were
dismantled and repaired by American prisoners.
14. Btry Keyes. Not damage during war. So far as I know it was not
demolished. I was there after and painted the guns.
15. Btry Hamilton. Three 155mm 240 (degree) mount., manned by my battery
in action all thru war. Fired in January and in March. Communications were cut
in half the time from shelling. During the morning of 6 May I was called to group
headquarters. While there the battery received orders to destroy the equipment.
All they did was throw away the firing mechanism housing block. I returned and
attempted to further damage the guns. Hand grenades were rolled down the gun
tubes- sights smashed. Everything possible on the guns was beat up. Powder room
was blown up. Plotting tables, machine guns, etc. blown with powder. Burned
16. Btry Monja.
No damage during war. Guns had been drained and fired.No. 2 gun had been drained and pluggedand fired, blowing off the barrel. No. 1 gun (tunnel gun) had been
drained; tube, recoil system, and recuperator were wrecked. We replaced recoil
system in No. 1 gun and tube. Don’t know if gun was really ever ready for
17. Btry Rose. One 155mm
gun. No war damage. At surrender gun was drained, plugged and fired, blowing off
18. Power plant at Bottomside
was operating after surrender and run by Americans.
19. Wharves and docks at Corregidor were both useable. 20. 92nd
Garage had been badly beaten up by shelling but was still standing. In worse
shape now than then.
had been bombed and was partially burned but repaired by Japs so part was
liveable. Garrison for Japs and American prisoners. Used part time for hospital.
22. Damage buildings on Corregidor were further damaged by typhoon in
23. Middleside barracks badly hit on 29 December bombing. Was used
as main Jap garrison in 1942-42. Middleside Barracks liveable up to time of
24. Topside cine was
burned completely 29 December in heavy bombing raid.
25. Topside barracks was hit on 29th bombing. West end blown
off when TNT stored there exploded. Badly beat up by typhoon in October 1942.
26. Officers quarters were mostly wrecked. A few were in good condition, walls
of some still standing. Four or five left standing on Middleside. No officers
quarters were left standing in Kindley Field area, or hospital level.
27. QM commissary, one wing burned. Roof burned off. Roof repaired and
used for barracks for Filipino prisoners.
Philippine grade and high school used as barracks for 91st. One
burned out in March, one in February. Bottomside barrio burned down to clear
fields of fire. Started around 29 December and didn’t finish until late
29. All buildings in 92nd
area were destroyed during war either by bombs or shells.
30. Salvage. All smashed up fire control instruments were collected and
shipped out as scrap. Collected food, cement, ammunition and small arms, that
were almost all badly smashed. Then started campaign to collect every last scrap
of metal on Corregidor . Started at tail of island. Finally
tapered off and settled down to collecting galvanized iron, tying it in bundles
preparatory to shipping it off to Japan. All mobile guns, searchlights, and
radio direction finders were collected and shipped off. Everything had been
completely smashed except guns from Btry Hamilton and they couldn’t be fired.
Took out all power tools and machines from Malinta tunnel. Ordnance instrument
shop had been cleaned out during the war.
Market building was still standing at Bottom side in June 1943.
32. Barracks and officers quarters at Stockade level were wrecked by
33. Fort Hughes, Btry
Williams, was a 155mm battery. I don’t know what about the damage there. Btry
Fuger and Btry Leech were undamaged after surrender. Woodruff had been condemned
before the war. It was fired during the war and not demolished. Craighill had
been damaged, extent unknown. Gillespie emplacement was damaged, gun damage
unknown. No demolition at Hughes at all.
34.Fort Frank. At Btry Koehlor one
shell had had entered powder magazine. There was no demolition. The condition of
the mortars and the 14-inch guns is unknown. Condition of tunnels good except
for Crofton tunnel.
35. One AA
director that had been thrown over the cliff below Btry Cheney was repaired. Not
damaged too seriously from all one could see.
Malinta tunnel was cleaned out by Japs and used for ammunition
storage. Connecting passages to Queens Tunnel had begun to cave-in in June
37. Water system at east end
of the island was out at the time of surrender. Water was still beingpumped to Middleside and hospital. System in general had been badly
damaged and was partly rebuilt after surrender.
38. Street car system was unusable at time of surrender. Power lines were
down and rails out from bombs and artillery fire. Some ties had been pulled out
during fight for timber. Japs started to rebuild main line single track at
Bottomside toward Topside but got no further than Morrison Hill where detail was
broken up and prisoners moved off island about June 1943.
39. Some ammunition, mostly mortar, was brought up to Corregidor and
stored in hospital laterals in Malinta Hill.
40. Japs salvaged the Mine Planter Harrison and used it to plant mines in
T/5, Marcelino, P., Hq 91st CA (PS)
1. I was acting regimental Sergeant Major stationed at Middleside. There
was little paper work. I prepared reports to be sent to Washington on the mines
2. At 0100, 15 December the SS
Corregidor, despite efforts of the PT boats to stop it,sailed through the mine fields and was struck. There were about 200
survivors from 1200 on board. The mines were set on contact.
3. We had much trouble with communications as telephone cables were cut
and not fixed. It was often necessary to send messages by motorcycles. We had
about 100 cable splicing crews.
In April all guns of Btry James were knocked out and most of the crew members
5. Btry Ramsey was knocked out
in February by bombing and not used again. It was hit in th afternoon, the
ammunition exploded and the guns were knocked off the base and the concrete
emplacement was smashed. A big fire continued for a day and a night.
6. Btry Rock Point, three 155mm guns, was hit in April and two guns
7. One of the two guns
of Btry Hanna was shot out and not put back in action.
8. I remained at Corregidor 26 days after the surrender.
9. The Japanese took charge of the power plant but kept Americans there
to run it. Electric light were still working when we surrendered.
10. The Topside cine was knocked out.11. The Sales Commissary was not badly damaged as Topside barracks.
Lt., Harry T.,
Battery Officer,Btry A, 59th CA -
Btry Hearn suffered no damage. Some hits on the emplacement caused minor damage
but battery could always fire. No damage from artillery fire.
2. At the surrender the oil was drained from the recoil cylinder and the
gun fired. The rocker arm cracked. The communications, observing instruments,
and plotting equipment were destroyed. Ammunition was not destroyed.
Btry Smith was never put out of action.
Capt., Commanding Btry H, 60th CA(AA) –
1. I commanded a 3-inch
AA gun battery emplaced in front of Btry Ramsey. No guns or equipment were
damaged during the campaign. At the time of the surrender all guns were
destroyed by placing a fused projectile in the muzzle and firing a round. Other
equipment was destroyed.
Ramsey received occasional light shells from Cavite during January and February.
There was light damage to the rear of the emplacement. After Bataan fell in
April there was frequent heavy shelling from Bataan with 105mm, 155mm, and 240mm
guns. During one shelling a fire started in No. 2 pit burning some caliber .50
machine gun ammunition stored there, slightly damaging electrical wiring on the
gun. During the night of 5-6 May several shells hit No. 1 Pit. There was no
damage to the gun.
3. In late March
or early May a bomb detonated on the concrete apron in front of No. 3 gun at
Btry Ramsey, caving in the concrete apron. The gun was undamaged. During April
one bomb made a 15-inch diameter crater in front of the battery and another hit
in the rear ofNo. 2 gun, cratering
the emplacement. No guns were damaged either time. No other bombs hit Btry
At the time of the surrender the powder magazine between Nos, 1 and 2
guns of Btry Ramsey was full of 6-inch shells. The cleaning and preserving room
contained about 1000 3-inch AA shells.
5. At the time of the surrender all guns were serviceable. There were no
Capt., William W.,
Cmdg. Btry F, 92d CA (PS) –
1. My battery
manned Btry Frank North, four 155mm guns. It suffered no bomb damage. On 15
March all four guns were knocked out by 240mm shells from Cavite. A direct hit
broke off the foot of No. 1 gun. One trunnion of No. 2 gun was shelled off.
Panama mount of No. 3 gun was broken up but the gun was undamaged. It was back
in action about one week with only 60 (degree) traverse.No. 4 gun was knocked off the mount, the mount was completely demolished
an the elevating mechanism was damaged. No. 4 gun was put back in action on its
spade with 60 (degree) traverse in about one month, cannabilizing Nos. 1 and 2
guns. Thus two guns were in action with limited fields
of fire about 15 April.
2. At the
surrender the breech blocks of Nos. 1 and 2 guns were thrown over the cliff.
Nos. 3 and 4 guns were fired with fused projectiles in the muzzle. All powder
was thrown over the cliff.
Greer suffered no damage. Fragments from 240mm shells generally scarred up the
gun and emplacement. The gun was never fired. Parts were taken from this gun to
keep Btry Crofton in action. Gun was demolished by loading with dummy
projectiles, draining the recoil cylinders and tripping the mount. It is
possible that powder was thrown off the cliff but not sure.
4. Btry Crofton was fired once at a Jap ship and fired considerably at
Bataan. There was some harassing fire from Cavite from February until the
surrender, causing continuous minor damage to the gun.However, it was kept in firing condition by cannibilizing Btry Greer. I
have no knowledge of demolitions.
Late in January when the mortars were first fired one shell burst prematurely,
possibly from hitting a tree. The gun was scarred with fragments, one man was
killed and about six wounded. The battery suffered no bomb damage. Numerous guns
were put out of action at various times by 240mm shells from Cavite.All guns were not in action on 6 May but it I known that some were.
Nature of demolitions not known. When the mortars fired, loose dirt from the
sides filled the pits in large quantities, often making it necessary to suspend
Capt., George C., cmdg, Btry D, 59th CA,
in company with Lt. Harold P. Eddington, Jr,. and Sgt. Harry E. Beckinsha
who supplemented his testimony.
1. My battery manned Btry Cheney.
2. About 8 January a bomb landed on the emplacement about fifteen feet
from No. 2 gun, causing minor damage. The gun was put back in action within
three hours by battery personnel. On 10 April artillery from Bataan hit the
racer, knocking out three rollers. With the assistance of the Ordnance the
battery was back in action within 12 hours. It had only a limited traverse of
about 45 (degrees) but was fired after that time. After the fall of Bataan there
was continuous minor damage to the emplacements and guns by artillery fire but
the battery was never out of action for more than a few minutes. Exceptas noted above, this battery was in action during the entire campaign. We
fired counter battery on Bataan until 1800 5 May. During this period five or six
enemy shells hit the put without any serious damage.
3. About midnight 5-6 May my battery was pulled to form Infantry reserve
although it was never committed. Early in April the regimental commander had
given me the details of carrying out demolitions but had directed that I inform
no other person. Equipment was not to be demolished until ordered. The guns and
equipment were in operating condition when we left. We left only three men who
had no knowledge ofthe manner of
demolition. As far as I know there were no demolitions.
Capt., Signal Corps
1. I was in charge of the SCR-271 radar at Topside near the lighthouse. We
made at least two pick-ups at distances of about 120 miles. There was no fire
control radar at all. We blew as much radar as we could, this during the
shelling the last days. The Japanese asked me a lot about the radar at first but
asked no additional questions after I got to Japan.
2. I remained at Corregidor about two months after then surrender.Each officers’ quarters had received at least one or more hits by bombs
and shells and none were liveable.
The power plant at Bottomside received several artillery hits. A few of the
generators had been knocked out of line and one had a main shaft broken.
4. The cold storage plant received one hit but they were able to get it
back into some sort of shape. A lot of our meat spoiled and we did not have much
meat after that time.
5. The wharves
were useable at the time of the surrender but there were no buildings left at
Bottomside except the market place which was partly standing.
6. Btry Wheeler was in pretty fair shape.
7. On 29 December a bomb hit in the center of the four guns of Btry Way.
8, The sales commissary was pretty much intact when we left.
9. The hospital had been hit several times but its frame was still
10. The two Middleside
concrete barracks were in good shape, much better than Topside barracks. The Middleside wooden barracks were hit by a string of bombs right down the center
and reduced to splinters.
The power cable went out before we surrendered .
Telephone cables were in fair shape. We were able to communicate with Topside
until the night of 5-6 May.
There was adequate water at the time of the surrender but the batteries at gun
positions had much trouble in reaching the distribution points.
13. About 500 photographs of Corregidor taken by the Signal Corps were
sent out by submarine.
1st Lt., John M., Exec. Off., Btry D, 91st CA (PS) -
1. My battery manned Sunset Btry, four 155mm guns on Panama mounts. After
the surrender I was sent back to Corregidor to repair armament, remaining about
2. This battery suffered
no bomb damage. About 12 No. 1 and No. 2 guns were destroyed by artillery fire
from Bataan. The plotting rooms and BC station were destroyed by artillery about
1 May. Guns No. 3 and No. 4 were serviceable at the surrender.
3. At the surrender these guns were destroyed by placing fuzed
projectiles in the muzzles and firing gun. Barrel of No.2 gun was destroyed in
the same manner. All communications were already out. All plotting and range
finding equipment destroyed. Projectile magazines were not destroyed. A powder
train to do this had already been made but since it could not be finished by
1200 the orders were cancelled.
Btry Wright consisted of two 155mm guns one was emplaced near the Ordnance
machine shop. It suffered no bomb damage and was demolished on surrender.
5. The other gun was set up later near the commissary building Destroyed
by artillery fire about 20 April.
Btry Rose, one 155mm gun was originally placed at at Bottomside.It was later moved to Middleside. Gun demolished there on surrender.
7. Btry Gulick, two 155mm gun, were manned near the ordnance instrument
shop by the battery taken from Btry Grubbs when it was put out of action. Both
guns were demolished on surrender.
After the surrender Btry Hearn was put back into action by the Japanese. The
traversing mechanism was repaired. A new tube found outside the emplacement was
installed.Btry Smith was
cannibalized to provide extra parts.
Btry Hanna was put back into action by the Japanese.
10. No. 1 gun. Btry Cheney, was put back into action by the Japanese.
12. On surrender No.
1 gun, Btry Crockett had been shot out, but No. 2 gun was still in action.
Battery was pulled out on 5 May to fight as infantry and at the time of
surrender there was no one there to demolish it. The Japanese put No. 2 gun back
into action. Ammunition hoists and battery command stations had been shelled
out, (powder magazines were intact).
Btry Ramsey was serviceable at the surrender.
14. The James Ravine mine casemate was used by the Japs to control a mine
field in the North Channel.
post power station was operating at the end of the war.