battle raged across the Owen Stanley Mountains, Japanese engineers
built fortifications around
Buna, Gona and Sanananda. Defeated
thirty miles from their goal of Port Moresby, the Japanese retreated
to their fortified beachheads, and dug in.
that raged around
Buna, Gona and Sanananda between Nov 19, 1942 and
Jan 22, 1943 were among the most difficult and costly of the war in
Papua New Guinea. About 1,300 Australians, 1,000 Americans and an
unknown number of Papua New Guineans were killed in action or died
of wounds, or illness, with more wounded or suffering tropical
6,000 Japanese were killed.