LUZON - Topography dictates Tactics

Politicians - The Devil hides in the details.

MANILA - Not just a Pearl, but also a plum.

TRAINING - the reality was far different

In reality, the troops were never so well equipped

The Philippines is the home of planning gone awry.

AIRPOWER - adequate is not enough, and obsolescence isn't even adequate.

Neither the US nor the Philippines had invested in adequate airpower

Against the Zero, this was tragic bravery.

 2004 Corregidor Historic Society - all rights reserved