Appendix 2

Appendix 3







American forts at Corregidor (Luzon) were heavily shell­ed by Japanese batteries located on Cavite and Bataan, accord­ing to a War Department communiqué quoting reports from General Douglas MacArthur's headquarters in Australia. American guns returned the fire, it was added.

The communiqué also mentioned Japanese air attacks on Corregidor and other forts at the entrance to Manila Bay, adding that most attacks during the past two days were made with dive-bombers.



MANILA. May 3rd


With the possibility of enemy air raids completely gone as a result of the successful Japanese mopping up operations on Mindanao Island, blackout orders in Manila City were lifted yesterday, it was announced by the headquarters of the Japanese Expeditionary Forces in the Philippines at 5 o'clock this afternoon.





The U.S.S. MINDANAO, a river gun-boat, was sunk a few days ago, a communiqué of the NAVY DEPARTMENT admitted today. There were no victims among the crew, the communiqué stated.

The U.S.S. MINDANAO is the 32nd. U.S. Warship to be lost in this war, the first being the U.S.S. REUBEN JAMES, which was sunk in the North Atlantic last October, the communiqué added.

There is nothing to report from other sectors, the communiqué of the Department of the Navy concluded.

GENERAL WAINWRTGHT'S forces defending the Island forts at the entrance to MANILA BAY were bombarded by Japanese artillery for five hours today "the announcement states" Japanese batteries including many 240 Millimeters guns, kept up a continuous shelling of all our forts, with particularly intense fire on CORREGIDOR.

For the third consecutive day there were thirteen separate air raids on CORREGIDOR. The Japanese used both light and heavy bombers in their raids.

Additional landings on the ISLAND of MINDANAO have been made by the Japanese. The Japanese advance from their landing points is being resisted by our troops.

The Navy Department meanwhile announced that the gunboat MINDANAO has been sunk by Japanese bombers in the vicinity of CORREGIDOR.

The United States Navy Department disclosed today that three minesweepers and two gunboats were sunk in COR­REGIDOR waters, says a Washington report.





An American radio broadcast revealed that the combined American and Filipino forces which surrendered to the Japanese Army at Corregidor total in the neighborhood of 7000. Included in this number were said to be 2500 sailors and marines and 68 nurses, who fled to the island fortress from Bataan when the American forces on the peninsula were forced to capitulate.

Meanwhile, the British Broadcasting corporation reported on the basis of Washington messages that fighting on the island fortress had ceased and that terms for capitulation are being arranged with Japanese Army leaders.

It is believed that Lieutenant-General Jonathan Wain­wright, Commander of the American forces on Corregidor after the flight of General Douglas MacArthur, is personally negotiating surrender terms with the Japanese.

According to the British radio, the American forces sued for surrender just two hours after the Japanese launched land­ing operations on what had been claimed to be the "Impreg­nable Fortress."





The United States War Department announced today that it has received a message from Corregidor Island that resistance of the American troops who have been beleagued for four months, has been overcome, according to a Washington report.

It was said that fighting has ceased and terms are being arranged to cover capitulation of the island and forts in Manila Ray to the Japanese Army.

The communiqué said there was nothing to report from other areas. No indication was given of the fighting on Min­dinao.





Lieut.-General Jonathan Wainwright, Commander-in-Chief of the American and Filipino forces in the Philippines, as well as a number of his staff officers were captured by Japanese forces at Malinta Hill, immediately after the Japanese completed the occupation of Corregidor Island in Manila Bay.



May 7th

Pincer tactics employed by the Japanese landing forces on Corregidor Island culminated in the speedy reduction of the American fortress.

Japanese forces which landed on the north-western coast of Corregidor after taking Morrison Fort, completely occupied enemy barracks atop the hill, while Japanese forces which landed on the north-eastern shores of the island advanced toward the San Jose naval base. Thus attacked from both flanks the Filipino and American defenders found their avenues of escape cut and were forced to surrender.



TOKYO. May 7th







TOKYO. May 7th

Japanese Army and Navy Forces at 8 o'clock today com­pletely occupied Corregidor Island and other forts on other islands in Manila Bay after having succeeded in landing on Corregidor at 11:15pm on May 5th. Imperial Headquarters announced (illegible).




Following a successful Japanese landing from barges on the north beach of Corregidor Island on Tuesday night General Wainwright, American Commander in the Philippines, surrendered the fortress together with other American-held forts in Manila Bay, including Fort Hughes, Fort Drum, and Fort Frank, it was announced in Washington yesterday.

Three American minesweepers and two gunboats were sunk at Corregidor in the course of the operations last week.

It is generally estimated that about 7000 men and women were on the fortified islands when Corregidor surrendered, though the number of casualties inflicted by bombs and shells is not known. The survivors include some 3500 Marines and bluejackets who reached Corregidor when Bataan was abandoned on April 9.

The War Department Communiqué announcing the fall of Corregidor, says, "A message has been received from Cor­regidor advising that the resistance of our troops has been overcome. Fighting has ceased and terms are being arranged covering the capitulation of the island forts in Manila Bay". Officials in Washington gave no indication of when fighting ended.




Allied Headquarters in Australia issued a communiqué last night stating that General Wainwright "has surrendered Corregidor and other fortified islands in Manila harbour". The islands in question arc Forts Hughes, Drum and Frank.

A United States Army spokesman said that before the beginning of the Japanese drive down Bataan peninsula, the garrison exceeded 3000. It has been increased since then. The fall of Bataan saw a large number of troops transferred to Corregidor, but it is impossible to give an accurate figure of the size of the garrison at the time of the surrender. The announcement of the surrender was made three hours after the issuance of the communiqué announcing that the Japanese had launched a landing attack against the north beach. No reference is made to the terms under which the surrender s: as made.

Three United States minesweepers and two gunboats were last at Corregidor, according to a United States Navy Department Communiqué issued last night. About 175 naval officers,  and 2100 ratings and 70 officers and 1500 men of the Marine Corps were defending Corregidor.

The Communique states "Captain Kenneth M. Hoeffel, Commander of the Navy forces on Corregidor, reported that the minesweeper Pertanager and the river gunboat Oahu had been sunk by Japanese gun fire from Bataan." The mine-sweeper Pigeon sunk by bombers and the river gunboat Luzon and the minesweeper Quail severely damaged by gun fire and sunk by the United States forces when capture seemed imminent.

A War Department communiqué issued yesterday morning states that one of the last messages received from General Wainwright, described fighting on May 5th before the successful landing attack by the Japanese.

"Japanese artillery, including 240 millimetre guns firing from many new points shelled Corregidor and the other islands forts all day," the announcement states.

"Again for the fourth consecutive day, there were 13 separate air attacks on Corregidor. The artillery and air attacks were a continuation of the operations against the forts, which began soon after the fall of Bataan on April 9th. They increased in intensity as the Japanese installed heavy batteries on the slopes of Mount Mariveles, in Bataan.

Beginning on April 9th. Japanese artillery fire became much heavier and from then until May 5th there was little respite from artillery and air attacks. The artillery fire proved more disastrous than the aerial bombardment. During the last few days there were many casualties among our troops and damage to military installations was severe.

The Japanese landing was preceded by a heavy artillery attack on beach defences, which swept away barbed wire entanglements and other centres of resistances. The Japanese used a large number of steel barges in the short water trip from the tip of Bataan Peninsula to Corregidor.

After the continuous savage pounding which it has endured for weeks the fall of Corregidor caused no surprise, though there was a great feeling of sadness throughout the nation when the news was announced.



TOKYO. May 7th

Loss of Corregidor within 32 hours after the Japanese landing not only has ousted the last American base from East Asia, and constitutes a brilliant achievement in the world war annals, but serves to add increased assurances to Japan's ultimate victory in the Greater East Asia War, asserted Colonel Nakao Yahagi, Chief of the Army Press Section of Imperial Headquarters, in a statement tonight.



TOKYO. May 7th


Summoning the Chiefs of the Army and Naval General Staffs, the Emperor today granted an Imperial Rescript expressing his satisfaction on the fall of Corregidor, resulting in the loss of the remaining American base in East Asia, which was addressed to the Supreme Commanders of the Japanese Combined Fleet, Imperial Headquarters announced tonight.

The Rescript graciously paid high tribute to the close cooperation of the Army and Navy in the Philippines, opera­tions in which the enemy air force was crushed at the very outset of hostilities, mentioning the bravery of Japanese forces in capturing Manila, and then concluding the operations by completely crushing enemy resistance.





No communication has been received from the Philippines by the War Department since the early morning of May 6th. It is presumed that all persons on the four fortified islands are now prisoners of war.



TOKYO. May 7th

Japanese Army and Navy forces at 8 a.m, today completely occupied Corregidor Island and other forts on other ilands in Manila bay after having succeeded in landing on  Corregidor at 11.15 p.m. on May 5th. Imperial Headquarters announced today.




A Communiqué issued by the War Department at Washington last night stated that all the American units still fighting in the PHILIPPINES had given up further resistance with the surrender of CORREGIDOR.

The Statement cited unconfirmed and unofficial Japanese reports according to which the Japanese had requested the discontinuance of further resistance by all American troops still fighting in the PHILIPPINES, by threatening to continue the bombardment of CORREGIDOR, such surrender to take place simultaneously with the Capitulation of the Island Fortress.

General Jonathan Wainwright, who was in Command of she remnants of American forces in the PHILIPPINES, was said to have decided to meet this demand by the Japanese in order to avoid further unnecessary sacrifices, and to give instructions to his Subordinates accordingly, added the Communiqué.




Appendix 4


Introduction | Author's Note | On to the Front | Gen. Wainwright Surrenders | Prisoners of War | Fort Mills Hospital | Racial Discrimination | Goodbye Corregidor | Lieut.-Comm. F. H. Callahan | Gen. Wainwright's Appeal | Official Communiqués | Santo Tomas Internment Camp |

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