9 JULY to
15 AUGUST 1945
IV was going to be marked by constant patrolling, many times over a period of
several days. We would, at times,
be able to utilize the logging train facilities of the Insular Lumber Company.
Our operations would be conducted east of those mountains towards which
we were pushing in Phases I and II. Some
"B" Co Phase IV activity is described later.
"Boarded train . . . . six B-24 bombers dropped their bombs near the
train and caused much excitement . . . ."
"F" Co. History)
a flat car I remember seeing only 1 bomber and the falling bombs.
Company left FABRICA about 0800 with the entire battalion on a train of
multiple type cars. Some were
flat cars and some were box cars. "F" Co was in box cars . . . . We
were in a cut several feet deep. There were deep drainage ditches on each side
of the roadbed. The train was
stopped when we heard the roar of the approaching flight of B-24's.
Suddenly we heard explosions as the bombs in the stick began hitting
and detonating. I expect they
were five hundred pound bombs . . . . I Believe "D" Co. was on flat
cars and out of the cut. They had
several men hit by shrapnel. The
chain of bombs crossed the railroad at a 90 degree angle which was fortunate.
Calhoun, F Co.
Calhoun was correct in believing that "D" Co. was on flat cars
towards the front part of the train. I
remember the incident well and have pictures of "D" Company troopers
on the cars. What an ironic twist
of fate it would have been had the planes been flying parallel to the train
and unloaded along the entire length of the 2nd Bn. after all we had been
14 July 45:
"Lt. Calhoun with first and second platoons and one section of machine
guns, plus one section of mortars, left by train to recon BUGANG LUMBER CAMP.
Second platoon went to MALAPASOC area to patrol that area, and first platoon
took the track to the east of the lumber camp.
Second platoon received message that four Japs were in a civilian home.
Approaching the house, Lt. Turpin was killed by a sniper.
Patrol returned to camp at 1400”
- "F" Co. History)
History, Phase X, 14 July 1945.
from "E" Co. ran into Japs. Lt. Turpin ("F" Co.) killed; two enlisted
men ("D" Co.) drowned while crossing swollen river."
is the regimental account of the last man killed in "F"
Company during WWII.
15 July 45:
"Lt. Gifford. Lt. Watkins and ten men returned to the perimeter
at 0730. At 0900 the 1st platoon (Author’s comment-we were back in action
again after replacements had arrived) under Lt. Mara and the 3rd plt.,
under Lt. Watkins, crossed the HIMAAGON RIVER, and proceeded into the S BAGO
area. The 1st platoon in the lead
surprised two Japs and opened fire but the enemy escaped.
The patrol returned at 1700."
- "D" Company History)
History, Phase X,
24 July 1945, 1300
of the staff and Bn. CO's including (PA), with discussion of troop
displacements and enemy situation and possibilities with view to liquidating
of remaining estimated 2,500-3,000 enemy. First activity to begin vicinity of
SAN CARLOS, FABRICA, and ESCALANTE."
Calhoun is brief, to the point, and in my view correct.
indicates a very poor estimate based upon the 40th Div G-2.
In fact, this poor estimate had resulted in the campaign being declared
over and the 40th pulling out and leaving us to ‘mop up’. Actually, almost
7,000 Japanese in organized units surrendered after the fighting had stopped.
We are fortunate that General Kono did not realize that he outnumbered
the force facing him by two to one or better odds.
We might have seen one huge "banzai".
next 21 days were to be spent patrolling in force the river valleys whose
rivers flowed east and west and emptied into the HIMAAGON RIVER, which flow�ed
north and emptied into the VISAYAN SEA. Small roving groups of Japanese were
to be encountered with some small fire fights but no evidence of organ�ized
resistance. It seems as if the
Japanese were trying to keep out of our way although sometimes not
successfully. There were
instances where Jap bivouac areas were discovered and ambushes set up into
which small Jap forces fell. Our patrols were of both a reconnaissance nature
and a combat nature with the latter conducted in force for several days at a
time. Field bivouac areas, from which our patrols operated, had
been set up at BUGANG and MALAPASOC.
occurrences which history records on 6th and 9th August,
perhaps the most significant days of the Pacific War, were not mentioned in
the “D” Company diary. On those days, the dropping of the atomic bombs on
Hiroshima and Nagasaki had no immediate meaning for us.
45: The Co. remained in their bivouac area await�ing resupply. Local
patrols were sent out but no enemy contacted.
Resupply was dropped at 1600. Co. spent the night in the same
perimeter. The 2nd plt. returned to the Co. area at 1930."
"D" Co. History)
13 Aug, 45:
"The Co. moved out at 1800 with instructions to contact "F" Co.
patrol on RR track at DAINAY BRIDGE. Contact
was made at 1400 and Co. set up perimeter along the tracks."
"D" Co. History)
1800 departure was an obvious time error and probably should have been 0800. I
mention it to illustrate, once again, the
mistakes that can be made in recording history by those actually involved in
45: "One squad from second platoon with eight engineer attached
reported back to company CP at 1600 hr. Two
groups of Japs were encountered with the patrol killing two and wounding an
unknown number of others."
"F" Co. History )
14 Aug 45:
"The 1st platoon under Lt. Mara moved SE toward HIMAAGON RIVER to contact
any enemy desiring to surrender. No
contacts were made. The 2nd platoon, under Lt. Ward left the Co. area to meet
a squad of "F" Co. and a squad of engineers in the SANTIAGO area. No
“D" Co. History)
15 Aug 45: "PEACE
DECLARED and all patrols called in. The 2nd plt returned to the Co. area
and the remainder of the Co. remained at the DAIN-AY BRIDGE awaiting
"D" Co. History)
History, Phase X,
15 Aug 45:
Truman announced that U.S. has
accepted Japan's peace terms."
entry should have read that "Japan has accepted our surrender
16 Aug 45:
"The remainder of the Co. returned to MALAPASOC and went into GARRISON."
(Extract "D" Co.
History, Phase x,
from Eight Army Area Command announces Japs have ordered hostilities to
cease at 161600."
of the units surrendering are given in "Regimental History, Phase X"
30 Aug 45, 1600 -
"Lt. Gen. Kono, 9 staff officers, plus approximately 1600 officers and
enlisted men. Surrender
informally to Lt. Col. Lawne, commanding Allied Forces on Negros vic HDA
31 Aug 45, 1000
- "Enemy commanders surrender elements of Nakatani Force to 1st Bn.
at SAN CARLOS as follows: Maj.
Takesita and 166 men, Maj. Yamamato and 173 men, Capt. Yamata and 215 men, Lt.
Susaki and 322 men, and Lt. Kuboki and 106 men.
TOTAL: 962 POW."
1 September 45, 0930 - Approximately 400 enemy commanded by Lt. Col. Nakatani surrendered to
1st Bn. at SAN CARLOS."
2 September 45, 1000 - Approximately 700 Nip officers and men commanded by Lt. Col. Yuge
surrendered to elements of the 3rd Bn. vic SAN PABLO."
4 September, 45, 1330 - 1,009 enemy of Kondo Force surrendered 2nd Bn. vic MABINI."
6 September 45, 1400 - 680 enemy surrender to 2nd Bn. vic MABINI confined FABRICA
is the group that "D" Co guarded until they were transported to
11 September 1945, 1300 - "Col. Watanabe's aid contacted enemy vic NASIG and arranged
meeting 13 Sept to conclude surrender of approximately 800 mem�bers of Oie
report on 14 September changes this number of Oie force to approximately 957
Japs. Presumably this is also the date they surrendered.
IV had joined the first three phases and had become a part of the history of
the 503rd mission on Negros. This
account presented here does not presume to account for all the fighting by all
units of the 503rd involved in that mission. It does, I hope, give some idea
of what happened in a logical and chronological sequence.
I wish once again to thank 1st Lts. Bill Calhoun of "F"
Company and John Lindgren of "D" Company for providing most of this
material. Perhaps more
information can be provided by others in the future and a more comprehensive
account can be written.