REFERENCE READING

 

THANKS TO LTC AND MRS. RWW (R), E/2/503/173 69-70 HERITAGE BN IS BACK ON TRACK WITH THE FLIPPING BOOK PROGRAM, WHICH ALLOWS US TO PRESENT A WIDER RANGE OF DOCUMENTS IN A MORE ACCESSABLE FORMAT.

 

 

CORREGIDOR - THE IDYLLIC YEARS
To some, Corregidor was an asset, the strategic guardian of  America's interests in the Philippines. To others, it was a "military liability of a constantly increasing gravity."  As the Imperial Japanese adventurism in China threatened to expand beyond the continent, the problem became that the policy-making politicians, the Navy planners and the War Department all had the benefit of not being in the Philippines. 
     
CORREGIDOR - THE SIEGE
The years of budgetary neglect result come home to roost, and brave men are left to face the victorious Imperial Japanese Army.
 
 
 
       
CONTEMPORANEOUS DOCUMENTS
Corregidor had already occupied the public mind because of its  surrender in May 1942, and no one was in any doubt that its retaking was going to become its second defining moment in the history of WWII.
 
   
 
 
 
 
POSTWAR STUDIES
Postwar, Corregidor, not surprisingly, became the subject of detailed study at the
Advanced Officers Course at Ft. Benning and the Command and General Staff College at Ft. Leavenworth, KS.
 
 
   
         
NEGROS (OCCIDENTAL) OPERATION
The transfer of the 503d PRCT to Gen. Eichelberger's command resulted in it being called in to "assist" the 185th Infantry Regiment which was finding the "mopping up" in Negros a much harder task than expected.  Negros would become, ultimately, a much more difficult operation than Corregidor. Ultimately, the campaign would be largely overlooked by even the Army's Official Historian. It was perhaps the most grievous misuse of a paratroop unit in WWII.  The Negros Journals are presented in five folders.
 
     


BATTLE OF MANILA - THE ISSUE OF WAR CRIMES
The Battle of Manila, probably more than any other battle of WWII, has suffered from the false narratives of post-war revisionism.  This was not simply the result of Japanese reluctance to traverse their  war crimes, but from the efforts of the US to use Japan as a facility for the 'police action' in Korea.   The predominant revision was that the US had, by surrounding Manila, failed to afford an escape route for the Japanese to withdraw from the city, thereby causing damage and death which otherwise not have occurred.  The secondary revision was to characterise the atrocities as  " the Manila Naval Defence Force under the command of the Imperial Japanese Navy running amok."  The third  revision was that the damage to Manila was caused predominantly  by "American Bombing"  and indiscriminant artillery use. 


         
 
     
HEROES AND VILLAINS
Sometimes, you can't tell the truth from the legend.
  85” tv
 
 
         



CORREGIDOR - THE DARK YEARS, AND RESURRECTION AS A MEMORIAL TO HISTORY
Corregidor had become the focus of attention twice during WWII, but post-war it fell into a 'dark age' in which it was closed to most everyone except the Military. It's a 'dark age' because rarely did anything which happened there escape into common knowledge.   We get occasional glimpses of what was going on, though. Despite being under miilitary control, the island suffered severe  scrapping (a politically correct description of wholesale thievery). Various military programs and exercises were held. The US  used it for annual exercises of mobile radar units - this we know because we have a photo of Lee Harvey Oswald there during one of his unit's annual exercises. The Philippine Army also used it for training purposes. This we know because in 1968, a number  of Moro army recruits who mutinied upon learning the purpose of their training were massacred near Kindley Field, lest the secret training program become widely known.  Just how many were murdered  remains a secret, but the fact that a massacre occurred took place even went before the Philippine Supreme Court. The Jabida Massacre is now widely known. In 1986 the then Ministry of Tourism (now Department of Tourism, or DOT), together with the Philippine Tourism Authority (now Tourism Infrastructure and Enterprise Authority, or TIEZA) as assignees, entered into a memorandum of agreement with the then Ministry of National Defense (now the Department of National Defense), as assignor, to develop the historic Island of Corregidor, as well as the other surrounding islands, into a major tourist attraction of the Philippines. To pursue PTA’s obligations and objectives for Corregidor Island, Corregidor Foundation, Inc. (CFI) was  incorporated 1987. At the time, Corregidor became one of the Philippines most popular tourism attractions.

       

 

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